Sunday, December 9, 2012

Basic Finnish Phrases


This is a short list of basic phrases that are very useful and very often used by tourist when traveling to Finland.

*I've added a list of resources below that not only include basic phrases but also includes grammatical elements, word list and other useful information regarding the Finnish language. I highly suggest reviewing these resources to supplement your studying. I will try and add a few videos covering some of the elements of grammar in later posts.



video



Learning Resources

http://donnerwetter.kielikeskus.helsinki.fi/finnishforforeigners/parts-index.htm
- http://www.digitaldialects.com/Finnish.htm
- http://ocastanon.tripod.com/docs/fingram.pdf
- http://quizlet.com/11686/learn-finnish-week-one-flash-cards/




Such a beautiful place

Not only does Finland have great music, it is also incredibly scenic. 

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Vowel Pronunciation and Harmony

There are eight vowels in the Finnish language and they are separated according to its pronunciation.

Back vowelsMiddle vowelsFront vowels
aeä
oiö
uy



A very important thing to note in this video is that you can not merge the back vowels with the front vowels in a word. The only exception to this rule is when a word is a compound (two words that make one word).



This list helps you understand how to pronounce the vowels and words with diphthong:

Vowel Orthography

The harmony of vowels
Finnish has an unusual feature called vowel harmony, which means that the front vowels (ä, ö, y) and the back vowels (a, o, u) can never be found in the same word. (Compound words don't count, and the mid-vowels i, e are OK anywhere.) This extends even into loanwords and conjugations: most Finns pronounce Olympia as olumpia, and suffixes with "a" bend into "ä" when necessary (jaa →jaatajää → jäätä).
Long vowels are indicated simply by doubling the vowel in question.
like a in father, but short and clipped
aa 
like a in father
like e in get
ee 
not found in English, but just stretch out the e sound
like ee in beet
like o in nor
oo 
stretch out the o sound
like ou in would
uu 
like oo in moon
like German ü, similar to ew in few but with lips rounded (transcribed uu )
yy 
not found in English, but just stretch out the y sound
ä 
like a in cat
ää 
like a in bad
ö 
like German ö, similar to e in her (transcribed eu )
öö 
not found in English, but just stretch out the "ö" sound

When pronouncing a word that has a diphthong (a word with vowel sequence) you can cut the word in half, for example:

Hotelli (HO-tehl-lee) would be Hotel/li

Learning Resource: 

http://donnerwetter.kielikeskus.helsinki.fi/finnishforforeigners/parts-index.htm


Wednesday, September 12, 2012

Finnish Alphabet (suomen aakkoset)

I wanted to start with language because knowing the language can help ease the transition of moving to a new place. It gives you a level of independence and helps you communicate or interact with locals.


The first step to learning any language, is learning the alphabet and the pronunciation of each letter:


Finnish alphabet




Continue to practice the pronunciation of each letter until you can recite it without looking at the chart. 

Before you start learning the basics of the Finnish language I would suggest reading this link below to give you an idea of how the Finnish language works and how it may be a challenge depending on your own language background.

- http://www.helsinki.fi/lehdet/uh/499l.html